By Ahmed Al-Ghunaimi

“Since 2011, the storylines emerging from the Arab Spring have told the story of autocrats preparing their armies to thwart coups only to end up facing massive popular uprisings. Autocrats have long preferred to prevent coups above all other considerations, including military performance on the battlefield.”

Since the outbreak of the Arab Spring a decade ago, armies have spawned tyranny, as in the Egyptian case, and civil war, as in the cases of Yemen, Syria and Libya — and a difficult path toward democracy in Tunisia.

The indisputable fact confirmed by the Arab Spring is that “popular uprisings can lead to tyrannical collapses only when armies cease to defend the status quo.” Why then did the Egyptian military abandon Mubarak? …

Khalil al-Anani

Khalil al-Anani

An Egyptian writer and researcher

English version available here

For the 280 million people from 11 countries who live along the banks of the Nile, it symbolises life. For Ethiopia, a new dam holds the promise of much-needed electricity; for Egypt, the fear of a devastating water crisis.

Large hydroelectric dams are touted as a green source of electricity, but they can leave a trail of environmental damage and water insecurity. In this interactive scientific report, Al Jazeera partnered with earth and space scientist Dr. Essam Heggy to analyse the impact of large dams on the Nile as the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) nears its completion date in 2023. The mega-dam has triggered a major dispute between Egypt and Ethiopia over access to the Nile’s vital water resources. How much will each country get and who controls the flow?

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The source: (Original Content-Arabic)

Omar Youssef — Northern Syria

After years of detention in the prisons of the Syrian regime, Abd al-Razzaq Tawil creates Arabesque images of his torturers in his town in the Idlib countryside. He is hoping that those who have tortured him will obtain a fair trial.

Abdel-Razzaq (46 years) learned the art of drawing in the arabesque technique in Damascus and, after that, was able to move to Lebanon and Jordan with his experience in drawing with colored stones, where he succeeded in holding several exhibitions of his drawings.

Abd al-Razzaq was arrested in the Syrian capital, Damascus in…

Baghdad: by Musab Mahmoud


Nawal Adnan, also known as Umm Ali, is an Iraqi woman who works as a cook in Al-Furat Hospital in Baghdad. She prepares food for COVID-19 patients. Although she is married and has three children, she has refused to leave the hospital for four months. She decided to stay to help patients.

According to Umm Ali, her work is noble and the country badly needs it, and she cannot just go home and leave her patients behind.

The source: (Original Content-Arabic)


Hammam Al-Assaass — Amman

Khaldoun Al-Azab, 22 years old, could hardly have expected that a Jordanian bride’s convoy would elevate him to fame and recognition. In his native Yemen, a country torn apart by war, he used to perform the traditional Yemeni “Al-Barra” dance while wearing traditional Yemeni clothes and donning the traditional dagger on his waist. He now performs the “Al-Barra” by the highway in Jordan. He does this to attract the attention of customers eager for a cup of Turkish coffee, or “plain coffee” as it is known in Jordan.

As the Jordanian bride’s convoy was…

By Omar Youssef — Idlib

A child Ahmad digs the grave and prepares it to receive the body of a Syrian man in Idlib countryside (Aljazeera)

Syria has become a place where children have a closer connection with death than life. Every morning, 15-year-old Ahmed al-Jassem and his little brother head towards a remote area in the countryside of Idlib, northwest Syria, carrying with them shovels and digging equipment instead of books and pens like other children their age. Their daily morning job is to dig graves — something al-Jassem never imagined having to do to for a living, in an area described as the bloodiest and most dangerous.

Preparing for death

After choosing the location for the grave, the brothers…

By Omar Youssef — Idlib

Ahmed, a 15-year-old child, digging a grave and preparing it to place a body that belongs to a Syrian in Idlib countryside (Al Jazeera)

Syria has become a place where children’s connection to death is closer to that of life. Every morning, 15-year-old Ahmed Al-Jassem and his little brother head towards a remote area in Idlib countryside, northern Syria, carrying with them shovels and digging equipment instead of books and pens like other children their age. The purpose of their daily morning trip is to dig graves — something that Ahmed never imagined having to do to for a living in an area described as the bloodiest and most dangerous place.

Waiting for Death

After choosing the location of…

Adnan al-Hussein, the Syria-Turkey border

Hind al-Ahmad Umm Naim, a 43-year-old Syrian nurse, provides medical services to hundreds of wounded Syrians on the Syria-Turkey border, despite being displaced herself for the third time inside Syria. Carrying her simple tools, Umm Naim tirelessly walks from tent to tent looking for the wounded, sparing them a search for distant medical centres. Umm Naim’s efforts are her own initiative to address a shortage of basic services to meet the humanitarian and medical needs of a large number of civilian refugees at the border.

Nurse takes care of hundreds of wounded Syrians on the Turkish border

Source: (Original Content -Arabic)

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